Today, Friday October 4, 2019, our evidence-based advertisement is running in The Boston Herald. We have reproduced an actual ad “tear page” as a smaller scale png file, and two pdf file links, below that png image. The first pdf (pdf1) is an image of the full-size ad as it appears in print. The second pdf (pdf2) is a full-size image of the ad with active hyperlink annotations. This blog provides additional elaboration of the ad’s factual claims, and concludes with a recent confirmatory embedded video observation (and transcript of those comments) by U.S. State Department Special Envoy on Antisemitism, Elan Carr.
full-size image of actual print ad final galleys, pdf1, below:
full-size image of print ad with active hyperlinks, pdf 2, below:
Background on Anti-Defamation League (ADL) studies of Antisemitic attitudes
The ADL conducted studies in 2004 (Europe), 2014 (worldwide), 2015 (Europe), and 2016-17 (the U.S.), to determine the “prevalence” (= occurrence) of extreme Antisemitism among religious groups, regionally, and/or globally, defined as agreement with at least 6 out of 11 Antisemitic stereotypes. Examples of the two largely equivalent questionnaires administered, one in the 2004 survey, and the other in each of the 2014, 2015, and 2016-17 surveys, are illustrated below.
ADL’s own verbatim descriptions of the survey population sampling methods (for its 2014, 2015, and 2016-17 studies) are reproduced, and key findings are also summarized in both figures, and text. The 10/4/19 Boston Herald information advertisement, “DISTURBING FACTS ABOUT ISLAMIC ANTISEMITISM” includes the main results from the more recent 2014, 2015, and 2016-17 ADL surveys. Hyperlinks to embedded pdf file versions of the 2004 (i.e., its Yale study analysis by E.H. Kaplan, published in 2006), 2014, and 2015 ADL surveys, and findings, as well as a png file image of the 2016-17 ADL survey results, are also provided, in the event the currently active hyperlinks to these surveys are moved.
2004 survey methods (per Kaplan’s 2006 paper): “The Anti-Defamation League (ADL), commissioned First International Resources to develop a study of attitudes toward Jews, Israel, and the Palestinians. In addition to survey items probing such attitudes, questions addressed the degree of respondents’ social contacts with Jews and respondents’ attitudes toward others (e.g., different religion, immigrants). Respondents were also asked to provide standard demographic information (e.g., age, gender, income etc.). The resulting survey was administered by Taylor Nelson Sofres via telephone, resulting in interviews with 500 citizens in each of ten countries for a total sample of 5,000 (actually 5,004).”
NOTE: Only the Kaplan analysis included presentation of other than mere descriptive statistical analyses of the raw ADL data (i.e., multivariable-adjusted logistic regression modeling), which helps eliminate biases in the raw data, yielding a less biased estimate of real effects. This should be kept in mind when reviewing the tabulated results below which reveal a particularly striking finding from the 2004 survey.
2014 survey methods: “The data is (are) a result of 53,100 total interviews among citizens aged 18 and over, across 101 countries and the Palestinian Territories in the West Bank & Gaza. Expected margin of sampling error for the weighted global average is +/- 0.97%, for the countries/territories surveyed with n=500 interviews it is +/- 4.4% and for countries sampled with n=1,000 interviews it is +/- 3.2%. The margin of error is higher for sub-groups within each geography. Interviews were conducted via landline telephones, mobile phones and face-to-face discussions in 96 languages (including many dialects and pidgin/creole versions). All respondents were selected at random. Telephone respondents were selected using random-digit dial sampling; face-to-face respondents were selected using geographically stratified, randomly-selected sampling points in each country and at the household level, using a Kish grid. Telephone interviewing was only conducted in countries where the combined mobile phone + landline penetration exceeded 90%. In all countries where telephone dialing was conducted, interviews were collected using a combination of landline and mobile phone dialing, in proportion to that particular country’s coverage rate for each telephone type. Within each country, the data was weighted to be reflective of the national population on a number of demographic measures, including age, gender, religion, urban/rural location, ethnicity, and language spoken. In an overwhelming majority of the countries/territories polled, the samples are fully nationally representative. However, in some countries (China, India, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Laos, Malaysia, Mauritius, Uganda, and Vietnam), due to security concerns or extreme logistical challenges, national coverage was not complete. In those situations, sampling points were selected and the data was weighted to ensure the country’s interviews were reflective of the national population on key demographic measures other than geography. For regional and global averages, the data was weighted so that each country’s interviews were represented proportionately to that country’s adult population. The source for population data was the UN Department of Social and Economic Affairs –Population Division.”
2015 survey methods: “The Anti-Defamation League commissioned First International Resources to update attitudes and opinions toward Jews in 19 countries around the world. Fieldwork and data collection for this public opinion project were conducted and coordinated by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research. All interviews were conducted between March 10 – April 3, 2015. The data is a result of 10,000 total interviews among citizens aged 18 and over across 19 countries. Expected margin of sampling error at the 95% confidence level is ±4.4%for the 18 countries surveyed with n=500 interviews and ±3.2% for the USA (sampled with n=1,000 interviews). The margin of error is higher for sub-groups within each country. Interviews were conducted via landline telephones, mobile phones and face-to-face discussions. All respondents were selected at random. Telephone respondents were selected using random-digit dial sampling; face-to-face respondents were selected using geographically stratified, randomly-selected sampling points in each country and at the household level, using a Kish grid.Telephone interviewing was only conducted in countries where the combined mobile phone + landline penetration exceeded 90%. In all countries where telephone dialing was conducted, interviews were collected using a combination of landline and mobile phone dialing, in proportion to that particular country’s coverage rate for each telephone type. Within each country, the data was weighted to be reflective of the national population on a number of demographic measures, including age, gender, religion, urban/rural location, ethnicity, and language spoken. In all countries, the samples are fully nationally representative. Averages are weighted based on the adult population of each country to provide proportional representation. The source for population data was the UN Department of Social and Economic Affairs – Population Division…In order to further investigate the causes of falling index scores in Belgium, France and Germany, the Anti-Defamation League commissioned First International Resources to conduct an additional survey of 500 respondents in each of these three countries. Fieldwork and data collection for this project were conducted and coordinated by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research from May 13 – May 20, 2015. The methodology for these follow-up surveys was identical to main sample interviewing, with CATI telephone interviewing among a random sample of adult citizens. Expected margin of sampling error is ±4.4% at a 95% confidence level for n=500 interviews in each country…In six European countries—Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom—an additional n=100 interviews among the Muslim populations in each country were collected. Given the immigration laws in these countries, most Muslims residents are not citizens. For this study, both citizens and non-citizens were included. Interviews were conducted from March 23 – April 8, 2015. In contrast, the national samples collected in both 2014 and 2015, excluded non-citizens in order to avoid covering large populations of itinerant workers in many countries. Muslim interviews were conducted with random telephone dialing in regions of each country with significant Muslim populations, so these surveys did not capture the small minority of Muslims who live in communities with very few Muslims. Expected margin of sampling error for Muslims in each country is +9.8%. For the combined average of Western European Muslim oversample including all six countries (n=600) the margin of error is +4.0%.”
2016-17 survey methods: “The October 2016 survey on anti-Semitism was conducted by Marttila Strategies. It was a national telephone with a base sample of 1,532 adults, plus an oversample of 280 African-Americans, and 252 Hispanics, bringing the oversample for both communities to 400 each. For those questions answered by all respondents, the survey results have a margin of error of ± 3 percent. Following the October 2016 survey, ADL commissioned First International Resources to update attitudes and opinions toward Jews in five countries. Fieldwork and data collection for the project were conducted and coordinated by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research. All interviews were conducted between January 16 and February 27, 2017. The margin of error for the USA general population was +/-1.6 percent. The margin of error for USA Muslims was +/-3 percent.”
Background for Al-Azhar University, and Grand Imam al-Tayeb, (Sunni) Islam’s Vatican, and Papal equivalents, respectively
Current Grand Imam (and Papal equivalent) of Al-Azhar University, Ahmed al-Tayeb, was the number 1 ranked Muslim figure for 2017 in the “The Muslim 500”, an annual publication since 2009, of the mainstream, moderate Jordanian Royal Aal-al-Bayt Institute For Islamic Thought, renowned for its promotion of interfaith dialogue.
Al-Tayeb’s “The Muslim 500” profile states,
Influence: Highest scholarly authority for the majority of Sunni Muslims, runs the foremost and largest Sunni Islamic university.
School of Thought: Traditional Sunni
During an interview with Al-Tayeb, which aired on Channel 1, Egyptian TV, October 25, 2013, he gave a brief explanation of the ongoing relevance of the Koranic verse 5:82 which has been invoked—“successfully”—to inspire violent Muslim hatred of Jews since the advent of Islam:
A verse in the Koran explains the Muslims’ relations with the Jews…This is an historical perspective, which has not changed to this day. See how we suffer today from global Zionism and Judaism…Since the inception of Islam 1,400 years ago, we have been suffering from Jewish and Zionist interference in Muslim affairs. This is a cause of great distress for the Muslims. The Koran said it and history has proven it: “You shall find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers to be the Jews…”
Less than a year later—consistent with his belief in (and promulgation of) Islam’s “sacralized,” conspiratorial Jew-hating canon (see Koran 5:32–33 and 5:64; Muhammad’s poisoning to death by Jews in the “traditions”)—Grand Imam al-Tayeb insisted that the scourge of jihad terrorism, ravaging the Middle East, epitomized by IS/IL, is due to the machinations of “Global Zionism,” i.e., Jews. During a televised statement which aired on Channel 1 Egyptian TV, September 8, 2014, al-Tayeb intoned:
All the [fundamentalist terrorist groups] are the new products of imperialism, in the service of global Zionism in its new version, and its plot to destroy the [Middle] East and tear region apart.
More recently, on January 26, 2018 the good Grand Imam expanded upon his 2014 allegation with these Jew-hating conspiratorial claims about the “Zionist entity”:
Recently, I’m sad to say, we had to swallow a dose of poison. It is manifest in our own preoccupation with our own [infighting], while the [Zionist] entity can relax. All we hear about is Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, whatever, the “Arab Spring”, or the “Arab Hell”… Has anybody heard anything about Israel or the Zionist entity recently? Has it occurred to people that this might be premeditated? If you looked for a logical reason for what is going on among us Arabs, you wouldn’t find any. Nor would you find a reason for what is going on among Muslims – between us and Iran and Turkey. Isn’t Iran a Muslim country? Isn’t Turkey a Muslim country? Why do we fight one another? Ultimately, this serves the interests of the well-known [Zionist] entity. As long as this entity is alive and active, the Arabs will remain neither living nor dead, and the Muslims will remain under attack. Note that if we continue this way, it will not end with the Al-Aqsa Mosque. They will march on the Kaaba and on the Prophet’s Mosque [in Medina]. This is on their minds and in their hearts..
Lastly, on June 11, 2018, momentarily contradicting his deliberate 2013 equation of Zionists and Jews, and Zionism and Judaism, al-Tayeb concluded by negating the irrefragable phenomenon of Antisemitism altogether.
Criticism of the Zionist entity does not mean criticism of Jews and Judaism, and the issue of antisemitism is a lie that continues to deceive nations to this day.
Unfortunately, Grand Imam al-Tayeb is but one contemporary example of what Al Azhar and its leading clerics have represented and espoused for a millennium: the unreformed, unrepentant jihad bellicosity and Islamic Antisemitism at the core of mainstream, institutional Islam.
Ahmad al-Tayeb’s immediate predecessor as Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi, was one of the most esteemed modern scholars of Koranic interpretation (as we discussed at this blog September 30, 2019). Extensive, representative samples of Tantawi’s glosses Koranic verses pertaining to the Jews, demonstrated his classical-cum-modern validation of the Koran’s harsh Antisemitism. Moreover, as Grand Imam (1996-2010), Tantawi’s public statements on “dialogue” (January 1998) with Jews, the Jews as “enemies of Allah, descendants of apes and pigs” (April 2002; from Koran 5:60), and the legitimacy of homicide bombing of Jews (April 2002)—issued after the Netanya Passover slaughter—made his personal Muslim Jew-hatred eminently clear. Tantawi’s comments on dialogue, which were issued shortly after he met with Israel’s Chief Rabbi, Israel Meir Lau, in Cairo, on December 15, 1997, re-affirmed his ongoing commitment to the views expressed in “Jews in The Koran and The Traditions”.
…anyone who avoids meeting with the enemies in order to counter their dubious claims and stick fingers into their eyes, is a coward. My stance stems from Allah’s book [the Koran], more than one-third of which deals with the Jews…[I] wrote a dissertation dealing with them [the Jews], all their false claims and their punishment by Allah. I still believe in everything written in that dissertation. [i.e., Jews in the Koran and the Traditions, cited above]
Concluding reference to U.S. State Department Antisemitism Envoy, Elan Carr
The recent frank observations by Elan Carr, U.S. Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Antisemitism, from a panel discussion of Antisemitism, Tuesday evening, 9/10/19, in Manhattan, provide a fitting conclusion. (The discussion can be viewed in its entirety here.) Addressing a question posed to him that was introduced by this tweet and the ADL data [here; here; here], described above, which demonstrate the alarming excess prevalence (i.e., 2 to 4.5-fold all other religious groups or agnostics, studied) of extreme Muslim Antisemitism worldwide, Elan Carr became the first such Special Envoy to openly acknowledge the global pandemic of Muslim Antisemitism (see video clip below).
[Moderator, Rabbi Elie Abadie]: “Let me just introduce this section by saying that today (Tuesday 9/10/19) Andrew Bostom tweeted, he’s the author of The Legacy of Jihad, The Legacy of Islamic Antisemitism, Sharia Versus Freedom, –so he tweeted today that ‘The Islamic Society of North America [ISNA] conference featured Sanders, Bernie Sanders, and Linda Sarsour, promoted mainstream Islamic, Al-Azhar-endorsed manual on Islamic law*, which admonishes Muslims to wage jihad on Jews.’ [*“Reliance of the Traveller,” certified by Sunni Islam’s Vatican equivalent, Al-Azhar University as conforming to the contemporary ‘practice and faith of the orthodox Sunni community.’] So, moving into Islamic Antisemitism, the ADL [Anti-Defamation League] study [described here] survey of ~55,000 [see here] people shows—and these are the results of that study(ies), according to this question [reading index card query from the audience]—that based on agreement with [at least] six of all [i.e., eleven] Antisemitic statements, Muslims in Western Europe exhibit 49% to 68% rates of extreme Antisemitism versus 12% to 19% [actually to 29%] amongst other [i.e., non-Muslim] populations, a 2.0 to 4.5-fold times greater percentage of Antisemitism than non-Muslims in those individual countries. Another result was that extreme Antisemitism among Muslims [i.e. worldwide, overall] measures 49%, versus 24% in Christians, and 21% for atheists, and so on. And also that the most—[a curiously irritated Deborah Lipstadt interrupts] ‘What’s the question?’—Rabbi Abadie continues—the most Antisemitic countries with rates of 74% to 93% are all in the Muslim countries in the Middle East. And the last one [i.e., ADL survey result] was that 34% of Muslims show extreme Antisemitism versus 14% of the general population, which is 2.4 times more than that average, in the United States. So the question is, I know most of our history dealt with Christian Antisemitism in Europe, and South America. Now we are in an era which Islam is very important, and there is a lot of Islamic Antisemitism. So let me start with you Elan. What are we going to be doing, how are we going to thwart that threat?”
[Elan Carr]: “So, first of all, there is no question that’s the case [i.e., he acknowledged the ADL findings demonstrating a disproportionate prevalence of extreme Antisemitism amongst Muslims, worldwide]. Virtually all of the violence against Jews in Western Europe has been from the Arab [Muslim] and [broader] Muslim population—virtually all. So, we cannot ignore that fact, we can’t downplay that fact. That is, we’re stuck with it, and that is something we have to acknowledge.”